Poultry Farming Earns Prudent Varsity Student Sh24 Million Monthly

By Saumu Mwalimu - The Citizen & All Africa


Dar es Salaam — When you meet him at the grounds of the University of Dar es Salaam, Sirjeff Denis is just like any other student.

But the 22-year-old, third year student of petroleum chemistry is different from his colleagues. Jeff, as he usually likes to be called, was raised in a very challenging environment that forced him to start engaging in income-generating activities when he was a boy. "When I was in Standard One at Gongo la Mboto Jeshini Primary School in Ukonga in 2001, I used to catch fish at the nearest ponds for consumption at home," he recalls.

"Life was a challenge because my mom - a primary school teacher - was earning a very low pay and my dad used to do some odd jobs. Sometimes he got nothing, leaving the burden of feeding the family entirely to my mom."

His mother, Mrs Elsa Denis, 42, teaches at Masaka Nursery and Primary School.

Jeff is the second born and the only boy in the family of four. At the age of 22, Jeff makes Sh24 million from poultry farming a month and at least Sh1 million from selling vegetables.

Now he expects to earn more money from selling rice grown on 20 acres in Ifakara in Morogoro and from 20 acres of maize in Dodoma. He is not an ordinary young man.

Little Shining Star

At the age of 2.5 years, his mother enrolled him at Baby Mary Nursery School in Ukonga. In a week's time he was able to write numerals.

At the age of three, he could read the alphabet and do some arithmetic. According to his mother, teachers at the school wanted to enroll him for Standard One when he was four years. "I told them he was too young for that. He had to wait for one year," she said.

His mother says when he was enrolled for primary school, Jeff had no competitor in his class. He scored A's in all subjects despite the difficult learning condition he went through.

She says at Standard Two, he earned a scholarship from the Church of God's Prophecy. He joined Kajiado Hill Academy in Kenya. When he completed Standard Six he returned home and joined Form One at St Anthony Secondary School in Mbagala.

"At St Anthony he got a fee discount after he passed the National Form Two examinations with flying colours. That was a big relief to me because his sisters were also schooling," she says. Surprisingly, he got Division Two in final Form Form exams. He joined Ihungo Secondary School for his A Level studies.

"He was also performing well. I remember him receiving cash after emerging the best in Biology and General Studies in the Regional Mock Examinations in Kagera.

"He sent Sh200,000 to us. It was the prize that we spent on starting a poultry farm that later collapsed because it was not profitable," she says.

His Entrepreneurial Interest

His family was once relying on chicken farming to earn an extra income. But due to large demand of finance and family responsibility his mother who was operating the business stopped running it.

Jeff was hurt and promised to revive the business after getting capital. While in Kenya, Jeff learnt that unlike many Tanzanian youth, Kenyan youngsters took bold stands on issues that matter. That made Jeff confident.

Moreover, to increase his poultry farming skills, Jeff volunteered to work at Dar-Chick Farm in Kibaha District between November 2010 and February 2011 after competing Form Four and before starting A Level studies. Upon completed his A Level studies he joined the three-month mandatory National Service training and completed it in July 2013.

While at the National Service, Jeff saved nearly all the money that the recruits were given to buy basic items. "I was given Sh50, 000 per month. While my friends spent all the money mainly on delicacies, my plans were to revive poutry farming back home. I came back with Sh140,000 and bought 50 chickens," remembers Jeff . When he was applying for a university course, he chose one that would make him get 100 per cent of a student's loan.

He did not like teaching. Medical schools were conducting long courses, requiring at least five years of learning. He didn't want that too.

"I read somewhere that the government was encouraging local students to undertake engineering studies related to oil and gas because massive gas exploration was being carried out and those students would receive 100 per cent of loans. It applied for a course in petroleum chemistry and I was selected."

When he joined the university in 2013, Jeff saved some money meant for meals and accommodation to increase capital for poultry farming.

"I saved 75 per cent of the money I received for meals... by eating bread and drinking water. Many found it strange because Sh7,500 could enable me to buy me a comfortable meal but I decided not to do so. I saved Sh1 million and I pooled it into my farm and today I can proudly say I made a wise decision. My business, Jefren Agrifriend Solutions, is growing."



Kupitia Mradi Wa Kukudeal Unaweza Kujifunza Mambo Mengi Yahusuyo Ufugaji Wa Kuku Wa Kienyeji.



Hupunguza athari za kiuchumi zitokanazo na maambukizi

Hulinda afya ya kuku ambao hawajaambukizwa

Hupunguza kuenea kwa maambukizi kutoka kuku wagonjwa kwenda kuku wasio wagonjwa

Huwakinga binadamu wasipate maambukizi kutoka kuku wagonjwa

Huzalisha kuku na bidhaa zenye ubora wa juu ambazo hupata bei nzuri sokoni.

Taratibu za kuzuia kuenea kwa magonjwa hutekelezwa kwa lengo la kuzuia uingiaji na usambazaji wa vimelea vya ugonjwa ndani na kati ya vijiji, kaya na mashamba. Taratibu hizi ni pamoja na kuweka karantini ambapo magonjwa na vimelea vya ugonjwa huzuiwa kuingia katika eneo Fulani, au vimelea huharibiwa na kuzuiwa sehemu moja ili visipenye kuingia maeneo mengine. Hivyo basi, taratibu za kuzuia kuenea kwa magonjwa zina vipengele vikuu vitatu: Karantini, Kudhibiti njia za usafirishaji na usafi wa maeneo.




Source: The Poultry Site.

AFRICA - Various projects and capacity enhancing projects are taking off in Africa to give support to poultry producers, in a bid to raise their output and deepen profit making in a regional industry that is staving off imports and rising feed-stock costs, writes Tawanda Karombo.

In Zimbabwe, producers have a new poultry breed that is sprouting up and which is helping rake in the profits. Quail bird production is the newest craze to hit Zimbabwe’s poultry industry.

Producers are finding quail production particularly lucrative because of the quail birds’ meat and eggs’ high nutritional value and high prices, according to experts. The quail birds are also relatively easy to raise and require a relatively smaller space compared to chickens.

“The quail business is very economical and it is likely to surpass other forms of poultry in the near future. Farmers are encouraged to take advantage of the high demand for the quail birds and grow their businesses,” said agricultural economist, Gift Hlazo.

By-products from quail production include the manure, which has high ammonium nitrate content and hence can be used as manure. The quail birds are also said to be better in resisting diseases as compared to chicken while they are also relatively cheaper to raise as they consume less.

In Tanzania as well as in Zimbabwe, poultry producers are adopting more and more the production of free-range or indigenous chickens. Although broiler production remains high, free-range chicken production is also on the rise owing to growing demand for its high nutritional value and natural contents.

In Tanzania, efforts are being made to re-organise the sub-sector and allow rural farmers to utilise their land for this. The University of Swaziland and the country’s Ministry of Agriculture, Micro Finance Unit are carrying out a study on indigenous chickens’ responses to low cost and alternative feeds.

Swazi Agriculture Minister, Moses Vilakati said this month that the study was important as high feed costs for exotic chickens such as broilers are making production costs extremely high.

He said: “In Swaziland, mainstream commercial poultry production thrives exclusively based on hybrid and high production exotic breeds” that are fed on high energy concentrate feeds.

“The sub-sector has not been growing in a formal manner for decades, the reason being poor feeding, inappropriate housing, lack of health care, vulnerability to predators - such as wild cats and people’s attitudes towards the sub-sector,” said Tanzanian livestock development official, Deo Chaze.

Official figures from Tanzania show that out of the 3.7 million people involved in the country’s agriculture sector, more than half of them are involved in indigenous chicken production.

“Our local poultry farmers have, for ages, not been taking seriously the component of rearing chicken in modern ways, a situation brought about by lack of knowledge on poultry keeping techniques,” said livestock researcher, Eugen Lyaruu.

In north Africa, consumer patterns are shifting towards frozen food-stuffs such as frozen chicken.

According to a new report, in Algeria and Egypt the “frozen food market is expected to show growth owing to the shift in consumer consumption pattern from fresh food to frozen food such as frozen meat”.

Cairo Poultry Processing is cited as the leading player in the frozen food market in the north African country. The report says the company has a leading market share in the country as it produces frozen chicken product varieties while it also offers nuggets, wings, crispy chicken, and chicken burgers under branded options.

Africa’s second largest economy, South Africa is importing more of its poultry meat requirements from Brazil despite recently inking a deal with the United States of America under its AGOA policy. The value of poultry imported by South Africa in 2015 increased to $365.7 million, with Brazilian supplies accounting for about $132.8 million of this.

This represents a massive 36.3 per cent increase on the prior year contrasting period.

"The presence of a Brazilian expert in the country intensifies opening of negotiations for new markets and contributes to the study of strategic information, essential for the promotion of exports," said Tatiana Palermo, secretary for international agribusiness relations.

However, David Wolpert, chief executive officer of the Association of Meat Importers and Exporters of South Africa, has warned of a rise in prices of meat products such as chicken and eggs owing to drought conditions in the region although imports could also mean lower prices for local producers.

“Local chicken producers are still unhappy with the compromised deal with their US counterparts. Now they've moved on to castigating the quality and safety of imported chicken.

"They do this for two reasons: because more imported chicken on our shelves hurts their market share, and competition means more competitively priced produce and greater choice for consumers,” he said this week.



Disease of Poultry: The egg drop syndrome - 1976 (EDS 76)

Is an infectious disease in layer hens manifested by a quick drop in egg production, failure to reach peak production, irregularly shaped eggs, soft-shelled or shell-less eggs and depigmentation. The etiological agent is an adenovirus of group III. The horizontal transmission occurs slowly in battery systems and rapidly in floor housing systems. The first sign is the loss of egg pigmentation, rapidly followed by the appearance of soft-shelled, shell-less of deformed-shell eggs. If defective eggs are discarded, the remaining ones have no problem with fertilization and hatching. The drop could be sudden or prolonged. Usually, it lasts for 4-10 weeks and the egg production is reduced by about 40%. Apart the inactive ovaries and oviduct atrophy, other lesions are not discovered. The replication of the virus in epithelial cells of oviduct glands results in severe inflammatory and dystrophic changes in the mucous coat. The appearance of eggs with impaired quality and the dropped egg production are suggestive for EDS 76. The diagnosis is supported by some serological studies and is confirmed after isolation and identification of the virus. In many instances, no antibodies are detected in infected flocks until egg production approaches levels between 50% and peak production.




Facilitating Stakeholders Engagement to Strengthening the Tanzanian Extension System

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) intends to mobilize key stakeholders involved in the agricultural extension systems in Tanzania into a strategic dialogue towards establishing collective strategies to improve efficiency in delivering extension services to smallholder farmers in rural Tanzania.


The main goal of this program is to ultimately bring in innovative solutions towards increasing farmers’ access to knowledge, skills and information about markets and technologies to help them increase their productivity and efficiency. This includes seeking to bring in new actors, new technologies and even make old extension actors play new roles. The program focuses on improving the use of ICTs in content mobilization and designing, distribution/dissemination and in collecting feedback (or demands) from farmers. The program starts by conducting a scoping mission to know who is currently doing what where and how, as well as identify key actors to partner and work with. Identified partners will then meet and agree on possible future strategies. This meeting will therefore form the basis for BMGF future engagement and support in Tanzania.


Prior to the decision to organize this workshop, the Foundation conducted an assessment and found that as of 2011, the size of government paid extension workforce was male dominated (by almost 83%) and was smaller than what is needed. The Ministry responsible for agriculture estimates that only 59% of farmers have had contact with extension workers.  Consequently, technology adoption levels are very low despite the many national and regional level interventions. Scarcity of Human Resources and the insufficient mainstreaming of innovation were found as major drawbacks towards having an efficient system. However, several opportunities were found and which could be explored and possible explored by BMGF. In order to meet the goal of having an extension system that suits the needs of majority rural producers, the Foundation intends to partner with other like-minded actors, including donors in facilitating relevant dialogues and in building the necessary collaborations and capacities.

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